Diarrhea and Cholera are the most Public Health problems related to Sanitation in Mwanza causing hundreds of death among children. Disease statistics indicates that 60-80% of the diseases requiring hospital attendance are those related to poor Sanitation.
The Overall picture from the mapping survey indicates that most schools are Characterized by Non-Existent or insufficient water Supply, Sanitation and Hand Washing facilities; and in some other cases, facilities do exist but many are broken, unclean or unsafe.
Without Water and Sanitation facilities, hygiene promotion and education in Schools is difficult and has minimal Impact.
School-WASH Provides expertise and Interventions aimed at saving lives and reducing illness by improving access to healthy and safe water, adequate Sanitation and Improved Hygiene.
This program works on long-term Prevention and control measures for improving health, reducing Poverty and improving Socio-Economic development as well responding to emergencies and out break of life threatening illness.
Objectives of School WASH project:
i/ To Influence communities to participate in planning, construction, use and maintenance of user friendly water, sanitation and hygiene facilities for school and communities
ii/ To build human resources capacity for improved School Water, sanitation and hygiene service delivery which is gender friendly and accessible.
Iii/ To provide conducive, accessible and inclusive environment for school children with special needs.
Iv/ To improve hygiene practices among school children, their families and communities.
v/ To improve water, sanitation and hygiene facilities for better health and well being for School and children
Theory Of Change:
Children are change agents. Schools are important links to reaching individual families families and communities. Children pass on their knowledge of hygiene behavior practice from schools to their families and thus influence the community. Hygiene Behavior is a function of many factors namely Availability of water supply, hygiene facilities, altitude and appropriate Knowledge.
Knowledge on Hygiene is imparted to school children through existing school curriculum and health education provided by local health professionals. Behavior of school children may Not be possible to change if enabling factors such as water supply, and other elements of hygiene are inadequate or lacking.