The decision problems regarding water resources - such as water use allocation – are complex and difficult. This is due to the diverse set of stakeholders pursuing multiple and conflicting objectives, and the constraints regarding public health, environment and socio-economic objectives. So, there is a need for a proper water allocation system that will consider water as an environmental as well as a social and economic ...more »
We propose a circulation shower that saves 90% on water and energy. Families can shower endlessly with only a bucket of water. Our idea is to make an Africa-proof version of the circulation shower - a proven concept. This idea has already been deployed in the Netherlands and is ready to be deployed quickly on a large scale. By making circulation showers available to all families, schools and other public institutions, ...more »
Education has been seen as a process of acquiring knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. It has a positive effect on human life. It helps us develop healthy surroundings and also generates an advance community. Educating people to embrace clean water might seem a challenge but when well organized and explained, community members will be more ...more »
In cases dealing with poor sanitation,water bodies suffer most with more pollution thereby rendering it unsafe for use.These unclean waters cause bilharzia,cholera,typhoid and other associated water-borne disease. This occurs as a result of most communities lack of toilet facility or even a dump site.They then turn to defect in water bodies and also throw waste into them. I will suggest that such communities are been ...more »
Diarrhea and Cholera are the most Public Health problems related to Sanitation in Mwanza causing hundreds of death among children. Disease statistics indicates that 60-80% of the diseases requiring hospital attendance are those related to poor Sanitation. The Overall picture from the mapping survey indicates that most schools are Characterized by Non-Existent or insufficient water Supply, Sanitation and Hand Washing ...more »
Lack of water is responsible for more deaths in Africa than wars. about 1 out of 6 people living today do not have adequate access to clean water and more than about that number lack basic sanitation for which water is needed, in some countries, half the population does not have access to safe drinking water, and hence is afflicted with poor health. by some estimates, each day nearly 3000 children in Africa die from diarrhea ...more »
Clean water is scarce in developing countries and it is important to be able to use the available water as efficiently as possible. In the developed world we use self-closing taps in private and public bathrooms to efficiently use water for sanitation. Some of these taps require electricity and they all require water infrastructure to operate. We propose the application of a small, low cost, simple, and portable self-closing ...more »
The growing population in the urban areas has resulted to dirty environments and excessive demands of clean water because of its necessity. Some homes in the cities have tap water to themselves but they don't bother to treat it when due. The neighborhoods sells tap water (that has not been treated for a long time) to others at high costs without considering the penniless. Some individuals produce ...more »
Every day in rural communities and poor urban centers throughout sub-Saharan Africa, hundreds of millions of people suffer from a lack of access to clean, safe water. Women and girls especially bear the burden of walking miles at a time to gather water from streams and ponds - full of water-borne disease that is making them and their families sick. The only solution to this is to dig wells,which contain clean waters,construct ...more »
the development and application of sanitarymeasures for the sake of cleanliness, protecting health.
River water can be used as the main source of clean water drinking after purifying water from river.
Water can be pumped in a tank or reservoir for the process to take place then supplied to people who need it.
the disposal of solid waste in rivers should be stopped, the community can be educated.
Seventy percent (70%) of the 2.6 billion people world wide lack access to improved sanitation live in rural areas, one of every people who lack access to improved sanitation practice open defecation. Sanitation marketing marketing is about more than just training masons. It involves a more comprehensive demand and supply strengthening strategy drawing on social and commercial marketing and behavior change communication ...more »
SAFE SUMMER, Eastern Rwanda is prone to the lack of water especially during the three months of summer, as it is a place which is hotter than other provinces in Rwanda and there is no access to ground water as all canals from mountains get dry. To get water kids should go at a minimum of 10km to find lakes where they fetch, dirty, saline water full of bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. This leads to water borne ...more »